This February we would be celebrating the 30th anniversary of the resounding triumph of the Islamic Revolution that changed regional and world equations.
To mark the occasion we have prepared a special series for our listeners titled Three Decades of the Islamic Revolution, which will continue till the 10-Day Dawn, that is, February 1-to-10, when the Father of the Islamic Revolution, Imam Khomeini (may his soul rest in peace), returned home to Iran from 15 years of exile and ten crucial days later led the masses to victory over an armed-to-the-tooth US-backed regime. Please stay with us for the first part.
The Islamic Revolution is unique. It is quite different from the other revolutions that have occurred in various parts of the world, and that is why the arrogant powers are hostile to it. As a matter of fact, the enemies of Islam and humanity had from the very beginning, that is, from the day of its victory, said it will soon collapse. But their predictions never came true. On the contrary, thanks to the Will of God, and because of the dedication of the Iranian Muslim masses, the Islamic Republic system has gone from strength to strength over the past three decades. Today the Islamic Republic is the model and exemplary state for not just the Muslim peoples groaning under the jackboots of unelected rulers installed by the British, the French and the American colonialists, but also for most of the so-called called Third world spread over Africa and Latin America. The key to the success and progress of the unique Islamic system of the Iranian people is its Islamic nature, the prudence and resolve of Leader of the Islamic Revolution, and the steadfastness of the Iranian people in the face of the most intricate plots.
One question those unfamiliar with the nature of the Iranian Muslims and the history of Iran, ask is: Why did the Iranian people rose against the Shah and gather around the banner of Imam Khomeini, when they were seemingly economically well-off. To answer this question, we have to turn the pages of history and go back several centuries. By doing so we realize how the dynamic teachings of Islam had shaped the brilliant Islamic civilization, of which Iran and its innovative scientists and scholars, was an important part. However, decadence set in due to several social and cultural factors, especially the drift from progressive Islamic thoughts. The stagnation of Muslim societies emboldened European powers to spread their colonial tentacles. Soon the Muslim world, including Iran, became victims of European colonial powers, which plundered the rich sources of the Islamic peoples, and moreover imposed upon them their destructive culture in order to rob their minds of any positive thinking. In Iran, because of the enlightening role played by the ulema in society, the people were yearning to break from the shackles of the degenerate rule of the British-installed and US-backed Pahlavi regime. They were waiting for an able leader to lead them out of the limbo, and in Imam Khomeini (may his soul rest in peace), they found their ideal leader to lead the people’s Islamic movement to victory.
Although in other Muslim countries there were short-lived people’s Islamic movements, but they did not have the same impact on the regional and international, compared to the foresight of Imam Khomeini. The charismatic Imam inspired Iranians and mobilized to faithful to stand up to the despotic Shah and to defeat him and his foreign backers. The first sparks of the Islamic Revolution were lit in 1963 when on June 5 the Khordad 15 uprising shook the country because of the infamous capitulation bill that the Americans forced the rubber-stamp parliament of the Shah to pass. This meant that Iran was a virtual American colony with all its affairs in the hands of the Americans to the extent that even if Americans were to commit any crime in Iran, the Iranian government had no power to arrest him and prosecute him. Imam Khomeini strongly denounced this humiliating bill in a public gathering and also blasted the Shah’s regime for its unnatural relations with the usurper state of Israel. The stupid Shah, on the instructions of his American masters, arrested the venerable Imam, and thus the whole country was up in arms against him. The Imam was exiled, first to Turkey and then to Iran, but he was always in touch with the Iranian people. In the meantime, the US developed the strange doctrine to base its regional power in Israel and to turn Iran and Saudi Arabia into the ‘dual column of security’. At the same time, Iran was forced to join the Central Treaty Organization or CENTO against what was then the Soviet Union. Iran people were naturally angry at the sellout of their Islamic country and violation of national identity and Islamic dignity because of promotion of decadent western culture.
Among the policies of the Shah was blind militarization of the country with oil weal being recycled to the US and Western Europe for purchase of arms that would only rot and gather rust in storages. Since 1973, when the oil price increased spectacularly, the major part of Iran’s oil incomes was spent for the purchase of 12 billion dollars worth of weaponry. The Shah didn’t even care for the Iranian people, their religious sentiments and their national feelings. For most of the Iranians who lived in poverty, the so-called decoration of a few localities of the capital Tehran was not neither progress nor remedy for their pains and sufferings. In addition, the Savak or the dreaded secret police that took its orders direct from the US embassy and not from the Iranian government had made life miserable for Iranian people. The Shah thought that with such a powerful army there was no question of his being overthrown. But he ignored the reality that most of the military forces were from the masses of ordinary people who were frustrated with the foreign hegemony and the dictatorship of the godless Pahlavi regime. In opposition to the Iranian people’s desire, the Shah provided 65 percent of the oil needs of the illegal Zionist entity and 95 percent of the oil needs of the white racist apartheid regime of South Africa. In 1962, the Shah confiscated large tracts of lands in the name of the white revolution that destroyed the rich agriculture of the country, forced immigration of villagers to cities, and made Iran a mass importer of agricultural and diary products from Europe. Moreover, he restricted religious freedom of the Muslim people, and forced them to follow myths and superstitions in the name of ill-defined national culture. Thus Iran was ripe for a revolution, and in Imam Khomeini the people found the ideal leader to lead them to victory against an armed-to-the-teeth regime supported by the US and Western Europe.
In next week’s program, we will talk about the other causes that shape the great Islamic and popular revolution.